Public administration accounting (budgetary accounting) is an integral part of the accounting system. But at the same time, there are significant differences in the rules of accounting. This principle is applied to commercial and state institutions. This is due to the fact that the activities of the latter have a narrow focus. And they are regulated by special budget legislation. There is government software development company Fireart with reliable solutions.
Compared to traditional accounting, budget accounting is more complex and structured. Its main distinguishing features are:
- a special budgetary chart of accounts;
- the need to organize accounting in the context of budget classification items;
- clear accounting of income and expenses;
- the targeted nature of spending budget funds;
- treasury system of budget execution;
- the absence of the concepts of “profit” and “loss”;
- the financial result of activities can only be “deficit” or “surplus” of the budget;
- differences in the composition and forms of reporting.
Specialists in the financial structures of state institutions don’t have experience. It’s related to the field of budget accounting. They have to master its specifics on their own. This problem is aggravated by the improving budgetary legislation. And, as a result, the lack of theoretical material in the field of budget accounting. The main purpose is to consider the regulatory framework. it’s applied to the governing accounting in state institutions. And it’s important to identify the main differences between accounting types.
The concept of the organization of accounting in the public administration sector
The normative regulation of accounting in the public administration sector is important. It will be formed from top to bottom. This, in particular, is due to the need to comply with the requirement of consistency of the norms of standards of lower levels. And here are the requirements of standards of higher levels.
In practice, the process goes in almost the opposite direction. The first to face the need to form new standards. In particular, the accounting policy of an economic entity were budgetary institutions. For this reason, there will be a need to develop and adopt recommendations. They are used on the correct application of the norms. They previously adopted regulations governing certain aspects. And there are aspects of accounting in the public administration sector. It’s done under the conditions of the law. And only then will the formation and approval. If to take into account the rather complicated and lengthy procedure of development. And also it’s adoption. It’s applied to federal and industry standards begin.
In international practice, 32 financial reporting standards have been developed. Then they were adopted for the public sector. These standards belong to the following groups:
- Standards governing the composition. Procedure for the formation and reporting of public sector entities;
- Standards governing the procedure for accounting and reporting information. It’s used on certain types of assets. Liabilities, income and expenses of public sector entities;
- Standards governing the accounting procedure for individual transactions. They are carried out by organizations of the general government sector;
- Standards governing the procedure for reporting certain types of material information. Performance and individual operations of public sector entities.
The standards should provide a perfect basis for accounting. And they are used for reporting in the general government sector.
The second level of regulatory regulation includes industry standards. They establish the specifics of the application of federal standards. They are applied to certain types of economic activities. It’s related to the general government sector by https://fireart.studio/enterprise-web-application-development/. Industry standards will have to simplify the process of accounting formation. It’s about the state budgetary institutions. it will provide a uniform accounting in the industry.
The third level of regulation includes guidelines, instructions and other regulations. They clarify the application of certain federal and industry accounting standards.