This mess with Archegos Capital Management has shone a light on the use of leverage in investing. And it’s particularly relevant (in a good way!) to investors in high-yield closed-end funds (CEFs).
That’s because it:
- Clearly shows the difference between gambling (what Archegos was doing) and investing in smartly run, value-focused high-yield funds (what we do), and …
- Highlights a key misconception about leverage we can take advantage of. (We’ll look at a 5.5%-yielding fund that profits from a methodical use of leverage in a moment.)
Archegos, if you’re not familiar, is a hedge fund that had (until last week) $30 billion in positions in several stocks, including ViacomCBS (VIAC), Discovery Inc.
The trigger came when Viacom raised $3 billion from a secondary stock offering. This diluted the holdings of existing Viacom shareholders, causing the stock to fall 7%. Archegos then had to cover its leveraged bet by selling off its holdings.
That, in turn, caused Archegos’s holdings to fall further, forcing more selling, until the cascade effect essentially meant Archegos had to sell all of its $30 billion in holdings to cover its debts, and its value dropped to zero.
This was bad news for the banks that facilitated Archegos’s heavily leveraged positions—particularly Credit Suisse
For some investors, this situation may call to mind the financial crisis of 2008/’09, when investment bank Lehman Brothers was overleveraged on low-quality mortgages that were incorrectly rated as high quality. When investors realized those mortgages were at a high risk of default and repriced them to reflect that, the entire bank (which had been around for over 150 years at that point) was suddenly worth zero.
But this is much different. For one, Archegos, despite its multi-billion-dollar value, is tiny compared to the $768 billion in debt Lehman Brothers owed. For another, the problem in 2008 was that an entire asset class tied to trillions of dollars of assets owned by hundreds of millions of Americans was at stake. This time, it’s limited to one hedge fund’s leveraged investments in just two stocks: Viacom and Discovery.
Investors Will Likely Take the Wrong Message From the Archegos Collapse
The lesson here is not that leverage is high risk, but that overly aggressive bets in a bull market with too much leverage are risky (which is a given for conservative income-seekers like us!). In reality, a fund that uses leverage prudently can boost returns and give shareholders a nice boost in the long run.
And studies have shown that funds that are 20% levered or less have almost zero chance of going bankrupt like Archegos. That means if you build a diversified portfolio including some of these funds, along with unlevered funds, you can get more diversification across asset classes and set yourself up for a performance boost and a strong income stream, to boot.
A 5.5%-Yielding CEF That’s Everything Archegos Isn’t
A great example of a CEF that uses leverage to beat the market on the regular (and provide a high income stream, too) is the Gabelli Dividend and Income Fund (GDV), a 5.5%-yielder that has a modest amount of leverage (11% of net assets).
Despite its more conservative portfolio of cash-flow-focused companies like Mastercard
While that gets you a sustainable income stream that is over triple what an index fund gets you, there’s an added bonus: GDV trades at a 10.4% discount to net asset value (NAV, or the per-share value of its portfolio holdings) today. (Although that discount has been steadily disappearing since the start of the year, when it was 14.2%.)
That discount will likely shrink further as more investors pick up on the fact that a moderate use of leverage on a conservative portfolio of companies with strong cash flows is a good way to get investors more income and superior returns. And you can sleep well at night knowing that GDV, run by straight-shooting value investor Mario Gabelli, is nothing like Archegos.
Michael Foster is the Lead Research Analyst for Contrarian Outlook. For more great income ideas, click here for our latest report “Indestructible Income: 5 Bargain Funds with Safe 8.3% Dividends.”