The co-head of Blackstone’s big hedge-fund unit plans to leave the firm as the private equity giant seeks higher returns and faster growth for the business.
Blackstone veteran John McCormick told the firm last week he had decided to resign, the firm told The Wall Street Journal. His co-head, former Brown University endowment chief and hedge-fund manager Joseph Dowling, who joined the firm in January, will become sole head of Blackstone Alternative Asset Management, the world’s largest funds-of-hedge-funds business.
People close to McCormick, 53 years old, said he may pursue opportunities in academia in the future. He will “stay on as needed to ensure a smooth transition in the next few months,” a Blackstone spokeswoman said.
The move is sure to reverberate through the hedge-fund industry, given the unit’s heft and influence. BAAM, which also buys stakes in private-equity firms, backs new hedge funds and makes investments of its own, manages $81bn.
Its core, $50bn-plus fund-of-funds strategy has posted low absolute returns for years, reflecting a conservative strategy that caused it to largely miss out on rich gains many hedge funds scored investing in fast-growing public and private companies. Blackstone is now trying to boost those returns, part of a larger embrace of growth investing in recent years.
Blackstone in 2018 set a goal of reaching $1tn in assets by 2026 and has been barreling toward that target due to explosive growth in its private-equity, real-estate and credit businesses. The firm managed $731bn at the end of September, a 60% increase over the same period in 2018. BAAM is Blackstone’s smallest unit and its assets have remained flat over the period, though it has posted strong returns so far this year, with distributable earnings climbing by 50% over the first three quarters compared with the same period in 2020.
In an interview with the Journal, Blackstone President Jonathan Gray praised McCormick as a strong business builder and said he didn’t want him to leave. He also said the hedge-fund business could be significantly bigger. To get there, he and Blackstone Chief Executive Stephen Schwarzman have tasked Dowling with boosting the returns of the fund-of-funds product, BAAM Principal Solutions, or BPS, and continuing to expand offerings that take on more risk. Gray also said he wants to increase BAAM’s direct investment capabilities.
In the past several months, Schwarzman, who in recent years had pulled some of his personal money from BAAM funds, and Gray each invested $100m into the unit’s products.
“Steve has been a significant investor in BAAM over the last 25 years, and continues to be,” Blackstone said in a statement.
Under McCormick’s watch, BAAM expanded beyond buying stakes in hedge-fund firms and launched higher-margin products. McCormick, who joined Blackstone 17 years ago and became head of BAAM in 2018, also helped launch its first alternative mutual fund in 2004 and started the firm’s data science initiative.
The pace of change at BAAM has been rapid since Dowling joined, becoming the first outsider to run the business since its 1990 founding. Gray has said Dowling’s record at Brown, whose endowment under his oversight invested heavily in hedge funds and was a top performer, drew his attention. Dowling made big bets at Brown, including on growth managers, and used his Rolodex to access exclusive funds and club deals.
At Blackstone, he has gained a reputation as a quick decision maker reliant on his own instincts, analysis and network. He has brought a new focus on equities and concentrated, thematic bets, and has retooled BAAM’s due diligence process so he has a bigger hand in manager selection.
In the core BPS fund-of-funds strategy, Dowling has pulled back on credit exposure by 20% and upped equities exposure by 30%, said a person familiar with the matter.
One of Dowling’s highest-profile initiatives has been the launch of a roughly $2bn technology crossover fund called Horizon that invests in fast-growing companies right before they go public or at the time they do so. Horizon has no limits on volatility, meaning it can experience large gains and losses.
Dowling has had to adjust to Blackstone’s culture after years running his own hedge fund and then Brown’s lean endowment staff. Soon after he joined, Gray and others had to ask him to respond more quickly to emails, said people familiar with the matter. McCormick is a cerebral former McKinsey & Co. consultant steeped in Blackstone’s culture who is seen internally as a counterweight to Dowling.
There has been significant turnover at BAAM’s senior levels. About 70% of the BAAM team that buys stakes in alternative investment firms has left this year, said people familiar with the business.
Several clients have asked for organisational charts to help keep track of turnover, the people said.
“Invariably, when you have an organisation and you’re trying to enhance performance and you bring in an outsider, there are going to be some people who aren’t as aligned with that,” Gray said. “I look up at the scoreboard and, so far, the scoreboard’s going well.”
He added: “Joe is a world-class investor and leader who has already had an enormous impact. We have huge confidence in the business going forward.”
Blackstone said in its third-quarter earnings call last week that it expects to finish raising roughly $5.5bn for its second stakes fund before the end of the year, exceeding its $4bn target.
Dowling’s quick reworking of BPS’s pool of managers contributed to its strongest return in years, Gray said, with its main performance metric gaining 13.3% in the 12-month period ending in September, versus 8.9% for the HFRX Global Hedge Fund Return index. BPS also made money in September, when the S&P fell 5%, Blackstone said on the earnings call.
This article was published by Dow Jones Newswires